Phố Cổ Hội An Tiếng Anh Là Gì

Hoi An Ancient Town

Hoi An Ancient Town is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a South-East Asian trading port dating from the 15th to lớn the 19th century. Its buildings and its street plan reflect the influences, both indigenous and foreign, that have combined to produce this chất lượng heritage site.

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Vieille ville de Hoi An

Hoi An constitue un exemple exceptionnellement bien préservé d"une cité qui fut un port marchand d"Asie du Sud-Est du XVe au XIXe siècle. Ses bâtiments et la disposition de ses rues reflètent les traditions autochtones aussi bien que les influences étrangères, qui ont donné naissance à ce vestige unique.

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مدينة هوي - آن القديمة

تجسد مدينة هوي- آن مثالاً سليماً لمدينة شكلت مرفأ تجارياً جنوب شرق آسيا من القرن الخامس عشر ولغاية القرن التاسع عشر. وتعكس أبنيتها وتصميم شوارعها التقاليد المحلية والتأثيرات الخارجية التي أدّت الى نشوء هذا الأثر الفريد.

source: is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0



source: is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Исторический город Хойан

Исторический город Хойан – это пример исключительно хорошо сохранившегося торгового порта в Юго-Восточной Азии, относящегося к периоду XV-XIX вв. Его застройка и планировка сложились под воздействием как местных традиций, так и пришлых культур, в результате чего и сформировался этот уникальный объект наследия.

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Ciudad vieja de Hoi An

Hoi An constituye un ejemplo excepcional de lo que fue una ciudad portuaria mercantil del Asia Sudoriental entre los siglos XV y XIX. Sus edificios y el trazado de sus calles son un fiel reflejo de la combinación de estilos arquitectónicos, autóctonos y extranjeros, que ha dado su fisionomía singular a este sitio único en su género.

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source: NFUAJ

Oude stad Hoi An

De oude stad Hoi An is een bijzonder voorbeeld van een traditionele handelshaven in Zuidoost-Azië die volledig en uitzonderlijk goed bewaard is gebleven. Het merendeel van de gebouwen is gebouwd in de traditionele 19e en 20e-eeuwse bouwstijl. Zowel de gebouwen als het stratenplan weerspiegelen inheemse en buitenlandse invloeden. De stad kent veel religieuze gebouwen zoals pagodes, tempels en vergaderhuizen, ontstaan door toedoen van de havengemeenschap in Hoi An. De traditionele levensstijl, godsdienst en (culturele) gewoonten zijn bewaard gebleven en veel festivals vinden nog steeds jaarlijks plaats.



Hoi An Ancient Town (Viet Nam) © Bruno Doucin

Outstanding Universal Value

Brief synthesis

Hoi An Ancient town is located in Viet Nam’s central Quang phái nam Province, on the north ngân hàng near the mouth of the Thu Bon River. The inscribed property comprises 30 ha and it has a buffer zone of 280 ha. It is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a small-scale trading port active the 15th to 19th centuries which traded widely, both with the countries of Southeast và East Asia và with the rest of the world. Its decline in the later 19th century ensured that it has retained its traditional urban tissue lớn a remarkable degree.

The town reflects a fusion of indigenous & foreign cultures (principally Chinese và Japanese with later European influences) that combined khổng lồ produce this quality survival. 

The town comprises a well-preserved complex of 1,107 timber frame buildings, with brick or wooden walls, which include architectural monuments, commercial & domestic vernacular structures, notably an mở cửa market and a ferry quay, and religious buildings such as pagodas và family cult houses. The houses are tiled và the wooden components are carved with traditional motifs. They are arranged side-by-side in tight, unbroken rows along narrow pedestrian streets. There is also the fine wooden Japanese bridge, with a pagoda on it, dating from the 18th century. The original street plan, which developed as the town became a port, remains. It comprises a grid of streets with one axis parallel to lớn the river và the other axis of streets and alleys phối at right angles to it. Typically, the buildings front the streets for convenient customer access while the backs of the buildings open to the river allowing easy loading và off-loading of goods from boats.

The surviving wooden structures and street plan are original and intact và together present a traditional townscape of the 17th và 18th centuries, the survival of which is quality in the region. The town continues to lớn this day khổng lồ be occupied & function as a trading port và centre of commerce. The living heritage reflecting the diverse communities of the indigenous inhabitants of the town, as well as foreigners, has also been preserved và continues khổng lồ be passed on. Hoi An Ancient Town remains an exceptionally well-preserved example of a Far Eastern port.

Criterion (ii): Hoi An is an outstanding material manifestation of the fusion of cultures over time in an international commercial port.

Criterion (v): Hoi An is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a traditional Asian trading port.

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Hoi An Ancient Town has retained its original form & function as an outstanding example of a well-preserved traditional South East Asian trading port và commercial centre. It remains complete as a homogenous complex of traditional wooden buildings, with the original organically developed street plan, within the town’s original river/seacoast setting.

These original cultural and historic features demonstrate the town’s outstanding universal value và are present, well-preserved, & evident within the boundary of the inscribed property, even while it continues to be occupied and function as a trading port, as well as a popular tourism destination. As a result of this economic stagnation since the 19th century, it has not suffered from development & there has not been pressure lớn replace the older wooden buildings with new ones in modern materials. This has ensured that the town has retained its traditional urban tissue and is preserved in a remarkably intact state.


Hoi An Ancient Town has retained its traditional wooden architecture & townscape in terms of plot size, materials, façade & roof line. Its original street plan, with buildings backing on to the river, with its infrastructure of quays, canals & bridges in its original setting, also remains. The historic landscape setting is also intact, consisting of a coastal environment of river, seashore, dunes & islands.

Because most of the buildings were constructed in wood it is necessary for them khổng lồ be repaired at intervals, và so many buildings with basic structures from the 17th and 18th centuries were renewed in the 19th century, using traditional methods of repair. There is currently no pressure to lớn replace older buildings with new ones in modern materials such as concrete and corrugated iron.

Protection và management requirements

Hoi An Ancient Town was classified as a National Cultural Heritage Site in 1985 và subsequently as a Special National Cultural Heritage Site under the Cultural Heritage Law of 2001 amended in 2009. The entire town is State property và is effectively protected by a number of relevant national laws and governmental decisions, such as: the Cultural Heritage Law (2001, amended 2009) & the Tourism Law (2005). The 1997 Hoi An Town Statute defines in regulations that are implemented by the Hoi An Center for Monuments Management and Preservation, the responsible agency of the People’s Committee for the management of the property. Day-to-day management involves collaboration with various stakeholders, to maintain the authenticity & integrity of the property and to monitor socio-economic activities within and adjacent khổng lồ the property. The capacity of the professional staff has been and continues khổng lồ be developed by many domestic and international training courses. Revenue from entrance tickets is invested directly in the management, preservation and promotion of the property. Management and preservation are further strengthened through master planning and action plans at the local level. There are also regular restoration và conservation programmes.

Multi-disciplinary research conducted by teams of international và national scholars has informed the conservation & interpretation of the town’s heritage. This research is on-going. Within the property boundary, the landscape, the townscape, the architecture & all material cultural artifacts are preserved.

A Management Plan was implemented at the time of nomination of the property, & is being kept up to lớn date và reviewed as required by lớn ensure that it remains effective.

The buffer zone is managed to protect the property from external threats. The potential adverse effects to the property caused by annual flooding và urbanization are being effectively controlled with the active participation of all authorities và the local community.

The Master Plan for the Hoi An Ancient town conservation, restoration và promotion together with the city & tourism development was approved by Prime Minister on 12 January 2012, covered the period until 2025.

Long-term management should aim to lớn promote improvement in the living conditions for local residents. As tourism increases a strategy khổng lồ manage it within the parameters of the site will be required. Strategies to deal with adverse effects of the climate are being developed & should be included in the Management Plan.

In the future, it is an aim to links the Hoi An Ancient Town with the adjacent Cu Lao Cham Biosphere Reserve và to build Hoi An into a community integrating ecology, culture & tourism.